Competency

An appraiser must: 1) be competent to perform the assignment; 2) acquire the necessary competency to perform the assignment; or 3) decline or withdraw from the assignment.

Being Competent

The appraiser must determine, prior to accepting an assignment, that he or she can perform the assignment competently. Competency requires:

  1. The ability to properly identify the problem to be addressed; and
  2. The knowledge and experience to complete the assignment competently; and
  3. Recognition of, and compliance with, laws and regulations that apply to the appraiser or to the assignment.

Comment: Competency may apply to factors such as, but not limited to, and appraisers familiarity with a specific type of property or asset, a market, a geographic area, an intended use, specific laws and regulations, or an analytical method. If such a factor is necessary for an appraiser to develop credible assignment results, the appraiser is responsible for having the competency to address that factor or for following the steps outlined below to satisfy this COMPETENCY RULE.

For assignments with retrospective opinions and conclusions, the appraiser must meet the requirements or this COMPETENCY RULE as the time of the assignment, rather than the effective date.

Acquiring Competency

If an appraiser determines he or she is not competent prior to accepting an assignment, the appraiser must:

  1. disclose the lack of knowledge and/or experience to the client before accepting the assignment;
  2. take all steps necessary or appropriate to complete the assignment competently; and
  3. describe, in the report, the lack of knowledge and/or experience and the steps taken to complete the assignment competently.

Comment: Competency can be acquired in various ways, including, but not limited to, personal study by the appraiser, association with an appraiser reasonably believed to have the necessary knowledge and/or experience, or retention of others who possess the necessary knowledge and/or experience.

In an assignment where geographic competency is necessary, an appraiser who is not familiar with the relevant market characteristics must acquire an understanding necessary to produce credible assignment results for the specific property type and market involved.

When facts or conditions are discovered during the course of an assignment that cause an appraiser to determine, at that time, that he or she lacks the required knowledge and experience to complete the assignment competently, the appraiser must:

  1. notify the client, and
  2. take all steps necessary or appropriate to complete the assignment competently, and
  3. describe, in the report, the lack of knowledge and/or experience and the steps taken to complete the assignment competently.

Lack of Competency

If the assignment cannot be completed competently, the appraiser must decline or withdraw from the assignment.